As Israel approaches its 75th year, several summaries of Zionism and state building are worth reviewing.  The classic review is “Zionism” discussed from biblical origins, including the  ancient kingdoms, peoplehood, messianism, and stirrings to renewal for Eretz Yisrael. This is found in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906, Vol VIII, 40 pages;   “The Zionist Movement”  reprinted from  The Israel Yearbook, 1950-1951, pp. 23-34;  and CIE’s  Forming a Nucleus for the Jewish State 1882-1947.

 Find short reviews of Jewish history from Abraham to Herzl (Espanol) (Hebrew) (Portuguese) (Polish) and from 1897’s First Zionist Congress to May 1948  (Espanol) (Hebrew) (Portuguese) (Polish)